Graphics cards with PA-RISC Linux
Which HP graphics cards work with PA-RISC Linux?
- PCI cards
- only Vis-EG cards (8-bit color) are supported. Graphic is un-accelerated.
- The FX/2, FX/4, FX/6, FX/E, FX/5 and FX/10 PCI cards are not supported. See VisualizeFX for further progress.
- The ATI FireGL graphics card in the C8000 workstation is supported in un-accelerated mode.
- Attempts on C8000 acceleration:
- in 2016 by Simone Mannori https://marc.info/?a=145922974200003&r=1&w=2
- in 2017 by Tom Bogendoerfer https://marc.info/?t=150679093500001&r=1&w=2
- in 2019 by Sven Schnelle and Tom (finally a quickfix for "ring test failed" issue) https://marc.info/?t=156971879800064&r=1&w=2
- GSC cards
- The following GSC cards are not yet supported, as they need patching from the Linux operating system, which is not yet implemented:
- Hyperdrive/Hyperbowl (A4071A) graphics card series
- ID = 0x2BCB015A (Version 8.04/8)
- ID = 0x2BCB015A (Version 8.04/11)
- Thunder 1 VISUALIZE 48 card
- ID = 0x2F23E5FC (Version 8.05/9)
- Thunder 2 VISUALIZE 48 XP card
- ID = 0x2F8D570E (Version 8.05/12)
- Some Hyperion and ThunderHawk GSC cards
- All other HP GSC-based graphics cards are supported.
- Unfortunately, the XFree86 drivers only support a frame buffer.
- The available 2D and 3D HW acceleration features are not supported. See NGLE for accelerated graphics progress.
Configuring XFree86 for HP graphics cards
Check dmesg output right after booting for this part:
STI GSC/PCI graphics driver version 0.9 STI word mode ROM at f0084000, hpa at fa000000 STI id 2d08c0a7-9a02587, conforms to spec rev. 8.07 STI device: INTERNAL_EG_1280 Console: switching to colour frame buffer device 160x64 fb0: stifb 1280x1024-8 frame buffer device, id: 2d08c0a7, mmio: 0xfa100000
If that output is missing, it means the STI and STIFB drivers are not configured in the kernel. One will see penguin (or two for SMP) in the top left corner at boot time as well if the kernel is correctly configured.
As "root" user, edit /etc/X11/XF86Config-4 to match the fb0 output like this:
SubSection "Display" Depth 8 Modes "1280x1024" # "1024x768" or "1280x1024" EndSubSection
Use "fbset -i" to determine the supported color depth if it's not clear from the STIFB driver output. IMPORTANT: Only one "Mode" can be specified!
If /etc/X11/XF86Config-4 doesn't exist or has no Subsection "Display", working examples can be found on ftp.parisc-linux.org.
Help on configuring mouse and keyboard is available in the FAQ.
Which non-HP PCI graphics cards work with PA-RISC Linux?
This depends on which graphics card you are using.
Most graphics card have to be initialized by firmware before the OS driver can use the card: this may consist of wakeup sequences, setting up a proper color map, clearing the video memory, selecting the proper video frequency, output interface and much more. Usually, the graphics card contains the initialization firmware in the form of BIOS (on older ix86/PCs), EFI (new IA32 and IA64), PDC (on PA-RISC), or OpenFirmware (on Sun and MACs). Unfortunately each flavor of firmware is not compatible on other computers. For example, PA-RISC PDC cannot initialize a PC graphics card. Therefore the graphics card vendors may produce respective versions for each architecture it wishes to sell a particular graphics card. E.g. ATI produces different 'Fire GL' graphics cards for PC, IA64, PA-RISC, and Sun/MAC. And HP offered "PC" variants of FX/5 and FX/10.
However, this is not the case for the later PA-RISC machines, like C8000, which has x86 emulator in PDC and can POST PC graphics card http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.linux.ports.parisc/5446
This leads to the following problems:
- PA-RISC PDC doesn't know how to use a non-HP graphics card, e.g. one can not use the boot menu with a non-HP graphics card. Unfortunately, no work-around is available for this problem, since this would require patching the PDC firmware.
- Solution: use serial console to access the PDC boot menu.
- You have to initialize a non-HP graphics card somehow before you can use it. Unfortunately there is no generic way to do this, the initialization method is different for every type of graphics card.
- Solution: there are two ways to get at least some non-HP graphics card working:
Linux framebuffer driver
Some graphics cards can be initialized by the linux framebuffer drivers directly, and might work on PA-RISC Linux. This is an incomplete list:
- Matrox cards (eg. Millenium I/II, MGA G200)
- 3dfx Voodoo and Voodoo2
- some ATI Mach64 (eg. Rage XL)
- some old S3
- some ancient framebuffer cards (eg. TGA, P9000)
To date, Matrox Millenium I, Matrox MGA G200, Voodoo2 and ATI Rage XL cards are reported to have worked. In combination with the fbdev X-server from XFree86/X.org you should able to have a nice (albeit unaccelerated) X11 desktop. The Matrox G200 (rev 01) was reported to work when the matrox framebuffer driver was compiled into the kernel and
video=matroxfb:init,vesa:0x1BB,mem:4m was given on the kernel command boot line.
The second approach is to use the XFree86/X.org graphics card drivers. The XFree86/X.org server contains a small ix86-Emulator that is able to initialize some PC graphics cards on non-ix86 systems. However, we haven't heard any success stories from anyone using this approach. If you try it and it works, please let us know. The main advantage of this approach is use of advanced features (e.g. 2D/3D acceleration, graphics overlay, etc) provide by the graphics card.
Using a non-HP PCI graphics card is currently the only way to get a display with 24-bit color depth on the newer workstations (B/C/Jxxxx) running Linux/PA.
Some graphics drivers might have minor issues. E.g. to ensure the Matrox Millenium graphics card will be initialized properly one must physically disconnect the computer from the power line before (re)booting - it is not sufficient to just press the power-off button.
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Copyright 2004 "Grant Grundler" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
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