Linux requires at least 32 MB RAM to be able to boot up and decompress it's kernel. For a functional system with some applications you should better have 64 MB or more.
PA-RISC Linux supports all HP PA-RISC workstations. Not everything is perfectly functional - but nearly all of it works. The unlettered 700-series workstations (eg 712/715/735) and the B/C/J class machines (e.g. B132L, Tadpole B160L laptop, C180L, C200, B1000, B2000, C3000, J5000, C8000) systems are supported. Fast-Wide Differential SCSI does not work on 735 or 755 (but does on other machiines).
Most standard HP graphic cards work (Visualize-EG, Artist, HCRX, ...) in 8 and 24bpp modes. Support for the Vis-FX series is still missing and will probably not be supported.
PA-RISC VME boards are based on workstation designs. PA-RISC Linux does boot on a 743.
The earliest PA-RISC servers have proprietary HP devices attached to proprietary HP bus architectures. Documentation on these busses and devices will not become available soon since no one in HP is finding, "scrubbing", and releasing the docs. Machines in this category are the F, G, H, I class (aka Nova) and T500 series (Emerald) machines as well as some earlier, unlettered servers.
The T600 is unlikely to ever be supported. Though T600 uses some of the same GSC devices (eg card-mode Dino 100BT, Zalon FWD SCSI) as K-class, T600 has the Java I/O MMU, instead of U2, which is NOT I/O coherent. Linux PCI drivers require I/O coherency.
Support for the E class is being pursued. Similar to K class in some ways, it requires the Mux driver for console and does not yet have SCSI or Centronics support. Network support is the same as 712. GSC add-in cards should work, HP-PB cards will not yet.
The D, K and R class machines are at least partially supported. These machines are architecturally similar to the older B, C and J class workstations and share most of the I/O devices, busses (GSC) and processors. The console on K class and the optional console card on D/R class are now supported. Most of the other HP-PB (aka NIO) devices aren't supported due to lack of documentation -- the same documentation which makes the Nova/Emerald machines unsupportable.
The A180, L1000/2000/3000, N4000, and A400/A500 servers are supported.
Support for Superdome might someday follow but requires some additional VM work. Superdomes have a cellboard based architecture. There was never enough documentation released that the according memory management could be programmed in Linux. So probably Superdomes may not work. Maybe on an physical partition level, there might be a chance, since the single cellboard is pretty similar to the L-Class. One idea is to try to get the partition management running and install one partition HP-UX and then try to work with linux on an additional partition.
People ask about V-class. V-class has a very different architecture from other HP machines. See the Server Architecture Reference for details. One major known problem with supporting V-class is the complexity of its PCI bus adapter (EPIC and SAGA). Support for the V-class isn't going to happen until some really masochistic person who has access to a V-class is, uh, challenged by this.
QEMU support is progressing quite fast. Check the Qemu page for more information.
NOTE: PARISC machines boot from SCSI or built-in IDE drives only. The following SATA PCI controllers have been reported to work on Linux, after the kernel was booted:
- Silicon Image SiI 3112 PCI Serial ATA Controller (rev 02) (reported by Helge in C8000), does not support SATA-TRIM, may need "sata_sil.slow_down=1" kernel module option
- Silicon Image SiI 3124 PCI-X Serial ATA Controller (rev 02) (reported by Dave in rp3440, reported by Sven in C8000)
- RAID bus controller: Silicon Image, Inc. SiI 3512 [SATALink/SATARaid] Serial ATA Controller (rev 01), in C8000 (phantom)
- VIA Technologies VT6421 IDE/SATA Controller (rev 50) (reported by Rolf Eike Beer in C3600 and C8000)
- Adaptec 1210SA, Silicon Image Sil3112 (reported by Carlo Pisani <firstname.lastname@example.org> in C3600)
- SYBA SY-PCX40009 PCI-X SATA II Controller (SiL3124) (reported by Carlo Pisani <email@example.com> in C3600)
- HighPoint RocketRAID 2224 (reported by Carlo Pisani <firstname.lastname@example.org> in C3600)
- Highpoint RocketRAID 1640 (reported by Carlo Pisani <email@example.com> in C3600)
- http://www.openpa.net/systems/index.html - OpenPA.net Overview of PA-RISC Computers